How to be an Eco-Friendly Parent

Being eco-friendly can seem impossible when you have kids. There are enough things to worry about without having to parent the planet, too.

But it doesn’t have to be too tricky to try and live a little more sustainably. In fact, if parents instill a more eco-conscious mantra into themselves, the world will hopefully be a better place for our little ones in the future. Just look at the auto industry, right now every brand in the auto industry has a 100% electric car in the offer that offers best auto insurance for green living. But there’s a lot to do in other business areas and industries!

With more and more brands becoming more eco-conscious and the conversation about our impact on the planet being brought to the forefront, people are finding ways of making parenting a little more sustainable and planet-friendly.

Here are three ways in which you can be an eco-friendlier parent.

Cheeky Panda Biodegradable Nappies

Nappies have long been an unsustainable necessity for new-borns. Unfortunately, there aren’t many out there that are very eco-friendly. Nappies normally end up on a landfill, piling up endlessly.

Luckily, Cheeky Panda’s Biodegradable Nappies, made from bamboo, have very little impact on the planet. They’re two-thirds biodegradable and plastic-free, plus they boast ‘Aqua-lock’ technology save from unfortunate spills.

Because they’re made from bamboo, they’re also naturally hypoallergenic and soft on baby’s skin. Cheeky Panda also make super soft bamboo baby wipes, which are also biodegradable and good for the planet!


Plastic-Free toys

Plastic is baaaad. Everyone knows it (now anyway, back in the day nobody paid much attention).

One way around facing the war on plastic is to avoid buying toys and games with BPA in them. BPA is the bad one which is toxic and lives on the Earth for years and years.

Brands like Green Toys are great eco-alternatives to toys made from plastic. You can even subscribe to monthly toy box clubs, which will send your child a box of toys to play with each month, which you then send back. Toys are then cleaned and sent on to another lucky child! It’s the ultimate circular economy.

Green cleaning

When struck down by a stain or your surfaces need a sweep, take a look in your food cupboard before reaching for the spray bottle.

Cut down your use of harsh chemicals in your cleaning kit. These are potentially harmful and toxic, something you don’t want your baby breathing in.

Alternatively, use natural cleaning products such as lemon or vinegar, around your home. These are just as effective at killing germs, wiping down surfaces and making sure your home is sparkling clean. Plus, they’re loads cheaper in the long-run.

By using natural ingredients, you’re reducing your plastic use as well as your waste. Plus, you’re reducing the chances of your baby coming into contact with toxic substances.


It’s no secret that kids can be an environmental nightmare – the amount of ‘new’ things they require as they grow up is enormous – much of which is disposable and single-use.

However, with just a few small changes like the ones above, you can reduce your impact and effect on the Earth for not only yourself but your little one, too.

Helping your Child Stop Thumb Sucking

Most people view thumb sucking as a harmless habit, but if it is continued for too long it can quickly go from innocent to harmful. There are real consequences that can result from thumb sucking, including that of physical, emotional, and social. With a wide variety of impacts that sucking the thumb can have on the child, it is imperative to help your child stop thumb sucking. While it may not be easy—your child will likely resist—it’s necessary to avoid complications that can affect their life into the future. Below are the reasons that you should get your child to stop the habit and how you can get the job done.

Physical Consequences

On the surface, there are physical consequences of thumb sucking. An overbite or an open bite can be the result of the habit. This is called malocclusion. When a row or both rows of the teeth become misaligned when the child closes their mouth, this can result in malocclusion that may require professional orthodontic work. In addition to an open bite, which is when both rows of the teeth are directed outwards, there are physical consequences like skin irritation and speech issues.

Moisture from the mouth can cause irritation on the thumb and even lead to infection. While risking infection is one thing, on the other hand, thumb sucking results in peeling of the skin, cracking, bleeding, and ingrown nails. It isn’t good for the skin of the child and infection can even infect the mouth.

Finally, speech issues can arise from thumb sucking. This is when the child sucks their thumb so much that they develop a lisp or have trouble pronouncing certain sounds. When a child has a speech impediment, professional speech therapy may be required to alter their way of speaking. This can also lead to emotional and social issues.

Emotional Consequences

The emotional consequences of thumb sucking can’t be ignored. When the child sucks their thumbs for an extended period, it can be difficult for them to create new coping mechanisms and ways to deal with their emotions. Since thumb sucking is a comforting habit, the child may revert to it when they should be expressing themselves or dealing with their emotions in an introspective way. Kids must form healthy habits of coping emotionally and thumb sucking doesn’t help them do that. It will not just affect their emotions, but their social relationships as well.

Social Consequences

In addition to physical and emotional consequences, there are social results of thumb sucking. One example is that the child may be made fun of and ridiculed by their peers. It can make them feel inadequate. Furthermore, the speech issues that result from thumb sucking make it difficult for them to communicate themselves. With coping through thumb sucking, the child doesn’t develop the mechanisms to be able to freely and effectively communicate how they feel. All of these reasons are why you should help your child overcome this bad habit.

How to help them Stop

There are a few different methods to help your child stop the habit of thumb sucking. One is that you can use a thumb guard. This is a product that wraps around the child’s wrist and covers the thumb with a plastic guard, preventing them from sucking it. Another way to prevent thumb sucking is to use thumb sucking nail polish, which is a product that tastes bitter. Children hate the taste of bitterness so it will stop them from wanting to suck their thumbs. Furthermore, there are also thumbsies, which work a lot like thumb guards. They are the cloth alternative that makes it so the child doesn’t get the comfort or enjoyment from thumb sucking.

With so many consequences and ways to help your child stop sucking their thumbs, there is no excuse. It isn’t easy for any parent to get their child to stop, but it is absolutely necessary when it comes to helping them develop new habits and coping mechanisms. If you really can’t get your child to stop, take them to a professional who can determine if they are developing more slowly than they should be. Whatever the solution, helping them stop is imperative to cultivating healthy habits.

6 Quick Tips to Feel Comfortable Nursing Your Baby in Public

Nursing your baby is part of motherhood. However, we understand the challenge that breastfeeding can bring. More so if you have to do it in public.

For moms who haven’t done this before, it can seem like an intimidating thing to do. However, you don’t have to be afraid.

To make you feel more comfortable, here are six tips that will make it easier for you to nurse your baby in public.

Know and understand your rights

Breastfeeding is something that all moms should be able to do without issue if they can, but unfortunately, that is not the case. Therefore, it might be ideal to know and understand your rights as a breastfeeding mother. This includes what you can do should you nurse your kid in public.

All 50 states legally allow breastfeeding in public places. But there are other specificities with each state that you should look into first. If you’re a working mom, know that the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does require your place of employment to have a separate nursing room for moms.

Know that you shouldn’t feel harassed, othered, or threatened because you are breastfeeding your child.

Practice at home

Before you start heading out and breastfeeding in public, you might want to try practicing it at home first. This step is significant for moms who feel scared or anxious about doing it in public for the first time.

Doing it in a place where you feel comfortable first can help you get a better idea of how you look, so do this in front of a mirror. You may discover that your baby will be covering your breast, which is why you’re not as exposed as you would think at first.

Once you get more comfortable, you can also try interacting with fellow breastfeeding moms at a cafe. Doing so can help reduce the anxiety you feel when breastfeeding in public.

Wear nursing-friendly clothes

Having nursing-friendly clothes is another excellent way to breastfeed in public with ease. Instead of raising a shirt or going through a lot of commotion to feed your baby, nursing-friendly clothes help make that step easier for you.

There are both tops and dresses that are nursing-friendly, so you can wear whatever you feel like wearing. There are all sorts of methods on how these clothes become nursing-friendly, so feel free to shop around first to see one you like.

Use a nursing cover

A nursing or breastfeeding cover helps give a lot of moms the privacy they need when they’re out and about and feed their babies. However, it’s not necessary at all as a part of your gear when it comes to raising your baby. It’s all a matter of personal preference.

You can even use multi-use nursing covers that will help give you a sense of privacy whenever you need it. When you don’t, it can be anything from a scarf to a shopping cart cover, and so on.

Find a comfortable nursing position

Your nursing position also has a lot to do with how comfortable you’re going to be when nursing your baby in public. Before you settle down and nurse your child, look for a place that has a backrest. That way, you can be relatively relaxed while still breastfeeding your baby.

Be confident and smile!

You have to be confident and self-assured on the outside when nursing your baby. Stand your ground because you have every right to feed your baby the nourishment they need. What you’re doing is perfectly normal, so you don’t have to worry so much about it.

Over to You

The quick and easy tips listed above should ease you into feeling comfortable nursing in public. The key is to know your rights, get some practice in, and invest in some nursing accessories to make everything seamless.

Next time, try these things out before you go in public with your baby so that you’ll become more and more comfortable about it.

How to Help Kids Adjust to a Move

Being a parent is a massive job of always just wanting what’s best for your child.  We want them to be happy, healthy, and well educated- sometimes that means a move.  If you’ve scoured for real estate for sale in Whistler and sought out the best moving companies and dates- it’s time to start helping your kids through the process, as well.  Whether it’s down the street or across the country, a move is a significant life change that can leave kids feeling lost or confused.  Instead of letting them sit in those negative feelings- here are the top ways to help kids adjust to a move.


Tell Them Sooner

Please don’t hold off on telling your kids about a move to try and spare their feelings.  Talk to your children early, and be clear about what’s happening.  If you’re still looking for a house, let them know that and help them see how this move will improve their lives.  Some people wait until they can’t anymore try and avoid conflict, but giving your child ample time to accept the news and prepare for the move could be all they need.


Let Them Be A Part of It

If you haven’t chosen a home yet, ask your child to help you!  Pick a couple of options that you like, and ask them to go to the open houses with you.  They’ll get to tour possible homes, and getting to have a say in it may help them feel more attached to the decision you make in the end.  Regardless of age, this allows your kids to feel like a respected member of the family, and it lets them know that their opinion matters to you.  This plan is a fantastic way to build trust and respect.


Ask For Their Help

Moving is a huge undertaking!  Ask your kids if they’ll help you pack, unpack, or pick out new furniture.  How much they can do depends on their age, of course, but it also relies on their maturity level.  Buy some of their favorite food, and have a packing party in the living room or dining room.  You can make this a fun and exciting moment instead of a tumultuous one!


Say Proper Goodbyes

Give your kids the chance to say goodbye to those they won’t see for a while, or maybe ever again.  Thankfully, due to the magic of the internet, a move isn’t as permanent of goodbye as it used to be, but it’s still good for your kids to be able to say some last words to the people who made living there worth it.


Don’t Rush The Home Feeling.

Although we may often feel like we should show our kids how to think by expressing ourselves, this isn’t always the best option.  Forcing an ingenuine emotion on your child could leave them feeling even more confused and frustrated.  Instead, help them see why the house and move itself are right.  Eventually, your kid will come to see this new building and city as their home, but they’ll have to work through that at their own pace.

Staying Active Amid Covid as a Mom

Between working at home, watching the kids full time, and tending to household chores — daily exercise can seem nearly impossible for some moms, while others feel like they’ve got plenty of movement from running after the kids all day. Sticking to a daily workout routine shouldn’t be stressful and doesn’t have to be time-consuming when you’ve got so much on your plate. Whether it’s a daily 30-minute power walk or a full hour body workout with your favorite virtual trainer, here are a few tips to keep you active for the sake of keeping you healthy and energized.

Power Walk 

The best workouts are the ones where you can multitask while doing them. Walking is the easiest way to exercise with kids because no matter their age, they can always tag along. Depending on your stride, you can burn anywhere from 100 to 300 calories in 30 minutes. If you’ve got a baby or toddler, investing in a durable stroller such as an ErgoBaby Stroller, can keep up with your fast-pace while keeping your little one comfortable and safe. 

For some added exercise, you can easily attach a bag with stroller straps and carry accessories such as a lightweight dumbbell to help tone your arms while you alternate to push the stroller with the other arm and get some jumps in before you head back inside. If you get tired, you can store the dumbbell back in the bag making it a convenient way to pack any other weights or accessories you can take with you.

Virtual workouts 

Due to Covid, trainers have evolved and have been using innovative ways to train clients from the privacy of their homes. If you can commit to a few days a week, these workouts can be done while your little one is down for their naps, early mornings before your day begins, or evenings after work hours when another parent is able to help with the kids for the length of your workout.

Ask your trainer if you’ll need resistance bands, dumbbells, medicine balls, or any other small workout equipment that you can purchase on Amazon. 

Enjoy the outdoors

The best thing about the outdoors is that you can still practice the six feet distancing rule. Outdoor activities such as hiking, allows you to take your little one with you. If you choose to take your little one with you, make sure to pick an easy hiking trail where you won’t slip and avoid anything narrow. By using a baby carrier, you can strap baby onto your back, turning it into your own DIY weight vest to work out your back and shoulders. You can also strap the baby onto your chest if you feel it be much safer. 

Make sure you and your little one stay hydrated during these warmer summer months, as well as, wear the proper clothing which is just as important as wearing sunblock. Jack Wolfskin womens outdoor clothing is specifically designed for any outdoor activities and weather conditions. They also have a selection of kids’ outdoor clothing so you can make sure you and your littles are covered. 

Another way to enjoy the outdoors is by taking outdoor classes. Classes such as Yoga in the park can be a great way to get a workout in while also relaxing. Since Yoga incorporates meditation and technique breathing, it can help you release some of the stress that comes from work and an active week with the kids. 

Of course, there are other convenient ways to enjoy a workout at home if you’re willing to invest in options like the popular Peloton bike, a treadmill, or the newest workout mirror. All of which are great investments for staying healthy and active when you’re a busy mom. 

A Glimpse Into Their World: 6 Common Problems Teenagers Face and the Solutions to Each

Ask virtually any group of adults about common teenager problems, and the chances are good that the list will come back with the standard litany: how to get your teen to clean their room, be more responsible, handling the rebellious, defiant, out of control behavior, aggressiveness, and more. Unfortunately, not much is said about problems from the teenager’s perspective.

Looked at from a teenager’s perspective, problems abound. You can help teens with relationships, help your teen lose weight, get better grades in school, and more. Here is a guide to six common problems teenagers face and the solutions to each.

Body Issues. Teenage bodies are rife with issues as they adjust to new shapes and sizes. What was once a cherubic child has morphed into a kid who is all at once, gangly, gawky, hairy, zitty, and uncoordinated.

Fixing this problem is a matter of making teenagers aware that many of the body problems they face can be fixed with diet and exercise and an acceptance of who they are.

Need for Acceptance and Community Involvement. The world can be a big and scary place. This is especially true for a teenager who is still trying to determine their place in it.

Teenagers who feel they don’t belong can end up having their whole lives being affected. Teens should be given guidance to find groups who provide them with love and acceptance for who they are.

Managing Time. Teenagers today are under constant stress from numerous external sources. These include school demands, social pressures, media, and much more.

Teenagers need to be made aware that doing everything simply isn’t possible. Further, they probably need help prioritizing the things they want to do. This provides the added benefit of eliminating things that might be bad influences.

Appropriate Heroes. It’s often the biggest bullies, most spoiled brats, music icons, and sports celebrities who become a teen’s heroes. Unfortunately, many of these are inappropriate for a variety of reasons.

Teenagers need to be familiar with heroes of more character-building pursuits.

Drugs and Alcohol. More than a third of American teenagers report using alcohol in any given month. Further, more than 40 percent of American youth have reported using some sort of illicit drug in the past year.

Drugs and alcohol can severely damage a teenager’s brain. It’s essential for parents to make their teenagers aware of the dangers of drugs and alcohol and to find out what is happening in their children’s lives that might affect the chances that they will become involved in the use of these substances.

Screen Time. As beneficial as screen time can be, too much and that which is unhealthy by its content needs to be limited. Going online can expose teenagers to violence, porn, mean people, and harmful images.

As beneficial as technology can be, there is no way to protect a teen entirely from online influences. Parents must be aware of what their teenagers are doing online and how to interact safely with the internet. If nothing else, teach them to read more.

Teenagers today often find themselves living on a very superficial level. They find themselves on the edge of their society with virtually no acceptance and very little positive affirmation. With no place left to turn, they turn to negative influences on the internet, television, and elsewhere.

Parents can make up for this by teaching by example and living for personal excellence. This will teach a teenager more than anything for a lifetime.

Your complete guide to 1st communion invitations

There are a couple of rites of passages for children who follow the catholic faith. One of the them is the first holy communion.  It’s basically the first among the three sacraments of the Catholic Church. The other two are baptism and confirmation. I would also like to add that the believers in this church consider this occasion very special. This is because it’s a time when their children are officially initiated into the Catholic Church.

This event is usually more overwhelming mainly because it’s deeply religious. The first thing to check off your list is the holy communion invitation. The invitations have to be sent to the potential guests early enough so that they can clear their schedules and avail themselves on the day of the event.

Here is a guide to help you through the process:

People to invite to your child’s first communion

Unlike birthday parties, this particular event is an intimate one. This means that you cannot just invite everybody. Your guests should mainly include close relatives and friends. It may be difficult to create a guest list at this point. The best way to go about it is to invite the people you think have impacted in one way or the other to your child’s religious growth. That should inform your decisions.

Inviting non-Catholics

The truth is not every close family member or friend is a catholic. This might leave you wondering whether it’s wise to invite them to the first communion ceremony. There is nothing wrong with inviting non-Catholics to the ceremony.  The only thing you have to do is confer with them on mass etiquette and other rules applicable.

Choosing a first communion invitation design

This is a religious event and there is a lot that goes into designing the holy communion invitation. Determine whether you want to go with a religious theme or focus on other things such as the usual season when the ceremony takes place. In this case, first Holy Communion is normally held during the spring season.

You can opt to go for a design that reflects your child’s style. For daughters, check this out for girl baptism invitations.  When picking out a specific design make sure it’s a thoughtful one and heavily portrays the gravity of this occasion. Some of the motifs to choose include doves, crosses and watercolors among others.

Details to include in the invitation

The next step after picking a suitable holy communion invitation design is to ensure all the important information is included in it. The vital details that should not miss on the invitation cards include the name and address of that particular parish, the date of the ceremony, the time it starts and the time the after party will begin if you decide to have one.

Many people plan for a party after the first communion is over. It’s not a must but will definitely be the perfect way to celebrate your child’s transition. Furthermore, the memories you create will last forever. Don’t forget to include an RSVP as well as a date when you want confirmation for your guest attendance.

The best thing to do is send the Holy Communion invitations at least 4 weeks before the actual ceremony. Lastly, if you don’t require people to come with gifts, simply say so in the invites.

A New Family Dynamic: When Your Kids Don’t Leave Home in their 20’s

It used to be an almost automatic rite of passage that your kids either went to university and never came back home or they flew the nest anyway to start a life of independence.

That is not the case anymore and there are plenty of families where older children are still under the same roof as their parents beyond their 20’s.

This new family dynamic creates certain challenges and it could be argued that certain aspects of this arrangement such as understand the benefits of hearing aids rather than turning the TV volume up too loudly could help maintain a harmonious atmosphere.

Here is a look at how to deal with having your kids with you for longer in the family home to ensure the wellbeing of the entire family.

It pays to be honest and open

Suffering in silence while you fund the bulk of your adult child’s living expenses and not saying anything when you are tidying up after them will only create a level of tension over a period of time.

Tell your child how you feel about the arrangement and encourage them to bear some of the responsibility of keeping the house running and paying the bills where they can.

If you feel that your child is placing a burden on you, financially and socially, by living with you for an extended period of their young adult life it is always best to tell them how you feel and discuss a way of making the arrangement work for everyone.

Understand the challenges they face

It is always helpful to try and see things from a different perspective and while some children seem to steadfastly refuse to grow up and become a responsible adult the majority would love to gain their independence and fly the family nest.

Unfortunately, the economic reality for many young adults is that even when they have a job the cost of living and the price of housing and rents makes it almost impossible for some to move out because it is beyond their means.

Not all adult children live with their parents beyond their 20’s through choice or lack of motivation to do something about the situation. Understanding this dilemma can often make it easier to work together to find a way to make living under one roof work.

Avoiding the disconnect

Life for the current young generation is very different from the world you brought them into as parents and it is easy for your child to spend a good part of their day with their eyes on a screen.

This can lead to your child becoming disconnected from family life, which makes it difficult when you are a parent and don’t seem to have as much interaction with them as you would like.

The technological revolution is seemingly widening the gap between parents and children, but that is an opportunity to share each others knowledge and experience in order to ensure that this new family dynamic works as well as possible, until the time comes when they are able or willing to leave the family home.

8 Things Parents Need to Consider When House-Hunting

It’s sad how many people buy a house they think is perfect, but soon realize that it’s completely not suitable for their family. Well, you definitely don’t want to be a part of those statistics, so before you sign any documents, make sure your home fits all of these points. If you keep these things in mind, you will have a great, modern family home that will serve you for decades. 

Check out the streets

Before you even go see any houses, you can go on Google Earth and check out the address. Neglect all other things and focus on the street and sidewalks. Sidewalks are always super neglected, but they are crucial for your family. They provide some extra space between your kid and the cars rushing by and will come in very handy while your kid is in their stroller/trike phase. Also, sidewalks simply invite you to take your family out and go on a nice walk!

Consider the surrounding area

Another thing you can consider before actually looking at any properties is considering the surrounding area. If you have a house on a slope or, even worse, on a hill, you will not only lose a lot of baseballs but also prevent your kids from fun bike rides and skateboarding attempts. If you choose a house on a hill with the steep surrounding area, your little ones will be very mad once they figure out they can’t really enjoy those fun activities. 

Ensure there are amenities nearby

Everyone loves having coffee shops and stores near their homes, but this is especially important for families. So, make sure to ask yourself whether a certain neighborhood is walkable. When you have a stroller and diaper bags, packing up the car with your kids and all their necessities can be super annoying. However, having stores, playgrounds, restaurants and coffee shops within walking distance of your house will make a huge difference. 

Use display homes

If this is your first house and you don’t have a lot of experience when it comes to layouts and sizes, it’s best to visit a display home to get a good sense of everything sellers to have to offer. This is especially important if you have something lux in mind. For instance, you can go check out luxury display homes in Sydney and experience their street presence, entrances, entertaining areas, room layouts and other things first-hand. You can possibly snatch a fully-furnished display or get an idea of what kind of home you can get if you choose to build, so you have various options open. 

Think about an open floor plan

Open floor plan is not only a modern solution for your home, but it’s also very useful for families with younger kids who require supervision. When you have one great room that includes the kitchen, dining area, and living room, you can always have your eye on your kids while you prepare dinner or grab a snack. Just make sure the great room is big enough so you can go about your chores in one part while your kids play or do homework on the other part. 

Be smart with bedroom placement

Most new parents just want to make sure their nursery is big enough to fit a rocker, crib, changing table and other baby necessities. However, don’t forget about the placement of the nursery! If your master bedroom is on the main floor and your nursery is upstairs, you will not have a fun time. Make sure your kids’ bedrooms are close to your master suite but keep the possibility of adding some buffer space (closet, toilet) between your rooms so you can all enjoy some privacy. 

Ensure there’s plenty of storage

It’s truly unbelievable how much stuff kids have, so if you don’t see enough storage in your prospective home, make sure to continue your search. Every room needs to have good storage space, especially bedrooms. On the other hand, getting a house with plenty of space will allow you to even extend your space. For instance, if you don’t have any tools or cars, you can turn your shed into guest house and enjoy some extra living space. 

Check the neighbors

No one wants to live in a high-crime neighborhood, especially families with kids. Luckily, you can easily find out a few things about the crime rate of the area by contacting the local police department or checking their websites. Another thing you simply must do is check the neighborhood for sex offenders. Even though this is something you don’t even want to think about, make sure to visit The National Sex Offender Public Website and see whether there are any sex offenders in the area and where exactly are they located. 

If you plan your house hunting with these points in mind, you will not only have a smooth experience but also end up with a perfect house for you and your family. Plan well and take your time searching for a home that ticks off all of your boxes and you’ll be super satisfied with your choice. 

How Can You Tell If Your Child Will Have a Genetic Mutation?

It’s estimated that everyone carries between 5 and 10 genetic mutations in their DNA. While these mutations don’t always present obvious symptoms, it’s possible to pass them on to your children, even if you don’t have a family history of a particular disorder.

Whether or not your child is born with these genetic traits depends on inheritance factors, also known as genes. For each genetic trait, a child receives one gene from each parent. Although pregnancy is uncertain, learning about carrier genetics can help couples interested in starting a family determine their child’s risk of a genetic mutation.

Inheritance Factors That Cause Mutations

There are two different inheritance factors that can lead to the development of a genetic mutation: X-linked inheritance and autosomal recessive inheritance.

X-Linked Inheritance Disorders. X-linked inheritance disorders can be dominant or recessive. 

  • X-linked dominant disorders develop due to mutations of genes on the X chromosome. Females have two X chromosomes (XX), while males only have one (XY). For a female to develop an x-linked dominant disorder, a mutation in one of the two copies of the gene must occur. To affect a male, a mutation in the only copy of the gene is necessary. Because of this distinction, males are also more likely to experience severe symptoms associated with x-linked dominant disorders than their female counterparts.
  • X-linked recessive disorders are also caused by mutations to genes on the X chromosome. However, because males only have one X chromosome (XY), just one mutation can cause a disorder. For an x-linked recessive disorder to affect a female, a mutation must be present in both copies of the gene (XX). This means males are also more likely to suffer from x-linked recessive disorders than females. 

Autosomal Recessive Inheritance Disorders. Autosomal recessive inheritance disorders develop when a person inherits two separate genetic mutations, one from each parent. If both parents are carriers – meaning that their DNA has at least one genetic mutation – then their child has a 25% risk of having an autosomal recessive inheritance disorder. Unfortunately, many carriers don’t know they’re at risk. This is because autosomal recessive traits typically don’t present any obvious signs or symptoms. In addition, autosomal recessive disorders tend to skip generations.

Types of X-Linked Inheritance Disorders

There are a variety of X-linked inheritance disorders. Some of the most common are:

  • Fragile X syndrome
  • Hemophilia
  • Red-Green Colorblindness
  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
  • Becker’s Muscular Dystrophy

Types of Autosomal Recessive Inheritance Disorders

  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Cycle Cell Anemia (also known as sickle cell disease)
  • Tay-Sachs Disease

Testing and Learning More

If you’re thinking about starting a family, then you’re probably wondering whether or not your child is at risk of developing a genetic mutation. Genetic carrier testing provides a safe, effective means of answering this question. This screening procedure identifies between 3 and 110 hereditary disorders and involves a simple three-step process.

First, you visit your general practitioner or OB/GYN and have your blood drawn. Next, your sample is sent to a laboratory for further testing. A few weeks later, you visit your doctor for a follow-up appointment where your results are revealed. If it’s determined that you or your partner are a genetic carrier, then your doctor can answer any questions you have or refer you to a qualified genetic counselor.